Kanpur spelt as Cawnpore before 1948, is the twelfth-most populous city in India and second largest within the state of Uttar Pradesh. It is the fifth-largest city of India in area and the third-most populous city of the hindi-speaking belt, after Delhi and Lucknow .It is one of the oldest industrial townships of North India.
It has a metropolitan area of over 1,640 square kilometres (630 sq mi) and a city area of around 829 km2 with an approximate population of 2.7 million inhabitants in its metropolitan area while the City Population is about 2.7 million. The status of the city was upgraded when it was included in the "Counter Magnets” of National Capital Region (NCR).
Downtown, Kanpur or The Mall is situated near Civil Lines area. The area consists of varieties of buildings.It is the major economic centre of Kanpur.The area is of 10 km sq. and has a population of around 200,000.The renovation of Downtown area is carried under by JNNURM and Kanpur Municipal Corporation.Recently, musical fountains and expending of the Mall Road has taken place.Activities like protecting of Old Buildings of 19th and 20th century has taken place in the area.The RBI, BSNL, SBI, Standard Chartered Bank, LIC headquarters are situated here.There are varirties of shops, buildings and hotels situated here.The pincode of the area is 208001.
Kanpur is home to many residential and migratory birds. Most of them can be spotted at Bithoor, IIT Kanpur campus and areas alongside the Ganges Cal.In the I.I.T campus there are many peacocks and wild horses. The city has Asia's biggest (area wise) zoological garden. Exotic species of flora are present at the CSA campus also. The Kanpur zoo is famous for its cages designed to provide a natural habitat for the animals, and has a vast variety of animals. The water supply system of the zoo is a work of art, by an artist and engineer in the Sinchai Department of that time, Murari Sharan Saxena. He was also known for the design of Gates of every Dam in whole Uttar Pradesh. of that period The Zoo is a part of a lush green area - The Allen Forest Zoo, Nawabganj. The entry fee is only Rs. 15 for Indian Adult, making it the major picnic spot of the Kanpur region
The Nana Sahib with his escort. Steel engraved print, published in History of the Indian Mutiny (late 1950s). Nestled on the banks of the eternal Ganges, Kanpur stands as one of North India’s major industrial centres with its own historical, religious and commercial importance. Believed to have been founded by king Hindu Singh of the erstwhile state of Sachendi, Kanpur was originally known as "Kanhpur". Historically, Jajmau on the eastern outskirts of present day Kanpur is regarded as one of the most archaic townships of Kanpur district. Up to the first half of the 18th century, Kanpur continued to survive as an insignificant village. Its fate, however, took a new turn soon after. In May 1765, Shuja-ud-daula, the Nawab Wazir of Awadh, was defeated by the British near Jajmau. It was probably at this time that strategic importance of the site of Kanpur was realised by the British. European businessmen had by this time gradually started establishing themselves in Kanpur. In order to ensure protection to their lives and property, the "Awadh local forces" were shifted here in 1778. Kanpur passed into British hands under the treaty of 1801 with Nawab Saadat Ali Khan of Awadh. This forms a turning point in the history of Kanpur. Soon Kanpur became one of the most important military stations of British India. It was declared a district on 24 March 1803. Kanpur was a hotbed of change in the independence and literary movements during the 1900–1950 period.
Bithoor Ghat Kanpur Zoo
A popular shopping centre is named Navin Market, after the poet Bal Krishna Sharma aka "Navin". Later poets included Gopal Das "Niraj" who wrote songs for Hindi movies. Kanpur is also the birthplace of Shyamlal Gupta `Parshad’, composer of the famous ditty Vijayee Vishwa Tiranga Pyara. The propagation and popularization of Hindi also owes much to this city, with great Hindu literatteurs such as Acharya Mahavir Parasad Dwivedi, Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi, Pratap Narain Mishra and Acharya Gaya Prasad Shukla `Sanehi’. The Agricultural University is named after the revolutionary Chandrashekh Azad and the Medical College after Ganesh Shanker Vidyarthi; both men spent much time in Kanpur. While Chandrashekhar 'Azad' shot himself when surrounded by a huge posse of British soldiers at Alfred Park, Allahabad, Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi was killed during the Hindu-Muslim riots of 1931 at Machli Bazar in Kanpur. About 25 km from Kanpur is Bithoor(Brahmavarta). Legend goes that Sita, the wife of Lord Rama came to live at the ashram of sage Valmik, after Rama expelled her from Ayodhya. It was here that she gave birth to the twins Lava (Ramayana)and Kusha (Ramayana), and disappeared back into the earth (from where she was born) when confronted by a repentant Rama. Bithooris also the site of the fort to which Nana Sahib escaped following the British retaking of Kanpur. Today, Bithoor is a tourist spot on the banks of the river Ganges and Kanpur is expanding very fast with new residential complexes sprouting up everywhere. Among festivals Ganga Mela is a unique festival that is celebrated in Kanpur, 7 days after the festival Holi. Colours are thrown and people greet each other before having a dip in the sacred Ganges. Music, dance and poem recitation are organised in the evening. The festival is celebrated in the memories of revolutionaries released by British government who were held prisoners during 1857 revolution.
Kanpur is home to the Dainik Jagran newspaper which is the most read Hindi Newspaper in India. Other newspapers that are widely read include Amar Ujala, Aaj, Hindustan. The English dailies published are The Times of India, Hindustan Times, Economic Times, The Pioneer, etc. There is also the Hindi and English mixed Newspaper Tabloid I-NEXT.
There are currently six FM radio stations and one All India Radio Akashwani Station being broadcast in Kanpur. The 6 FM Radio Stations are following:
- F.M. 90.4 MHz
- BIG FM 92.7 at 92.7 MHz
- Red FM at 93.5 MHz
- at 98.3 MHz
- India at 103.4 MHz
- Gyan Vani 105.6 MHz
- 91.1 FM
- AIR Kanpur 108.2 FM
Cricket is the most popular sport in Kanpur. Green Park Stadium is a 60,000 capacity floodlit multi-purpose stadium located in Kanpur, and the home ground of the Uttar Pradesh cricket team.
Football field hockey and golf are also popular sports in the city.
Green Park International Cricket Stadium
(CNB) is the largest railway station of North Central Railways Served by Indian Railways, Kanpur is connected by trains to Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Hyderabad, Bangalore, Ahmedabad, Indore, Bhopal, Farrukhabad, Jabalpur, Jamshedpur Srinagar, Jaipur, Gorakhpur, Gwalior, Pune, Surat, Lucknow and Nagpur. Kanpur has sixteen railway stations within its city limits: Kanpur Central, Kanpur Anwarganj, Govindpuri(Kanpur South), Panki, Kanpur, Chakeri, Chandari, Rawatpur, Kalianpur (Kalyanpur), MandhanaJn., Kanp Bridge Left Bank, Bithoor, Ruma, Gangaghat, Unnao and Kanpur SMU CBSA. There was one more station called "Purana Kanpur" from which the first train ran in Northern India in 1859 - however now it is defunct. Kanpur Central is the main station of Kanpur and is the largest station of North Central Railways. Kanpur Central lies as one of the most important railway stations on Delhi-Howrah Trunk Line of Indian Railways. The first Rajdhani Expressof India ran via this station.The Kanpur Metroproject has been finalized, and will be completed after Lucknow Metro.
Kanpur Cental Railway Station